Wi-Fi is widespread. Many of these wireless networks are password protected and knowledge of the password is required to go online.
Drahtlose Hacking-Toolsis designed to secure and attack these wireless networks. Some are designed to access the network password and the network itself. Others provide information about the structure and traffic flowing over the network and inform about future attacks.
There are several popular WiFi hacking tools.
Wireless network and hacking
Wireless networks are based on the IEEE 802.11 standards defined by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) for ad hoc or infrastructure networks. Infrastructure networks have one or more access points that coordinate traffic between nodes. In ad hoc networks, however, there is no access point; Each node establishes a peer-to-peer connection.
There are two types of vulnerabilities in wireless LAN. One is bad configuration and the other is bad coding. Poor configuration is caused by the network administrator managing the network. These can include a weak password, missing security settings, using default configurations, and other user-related issues.
Poor encryption has to do with security keys used to protect the wireless network. These vulnerabilities are due to problems with WEP or WPA.
WEP and WPA
WEP and WPA are the two main security protocols used in Wi-Fi LAN. WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) is an older security protocol that was introduced in 1997 as part of the original 802.11 standards. However, it was weak and several serious vulnerabilities were found in the protocol. Now this can be cracked in minutes.
In 2003, a new wireless security protocol was introduced. This new protocol was called Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA). While most routers currently use WPA or WPA2, a third version called WPA3 was certified a few years ago to replace the existing protocols.
In order to gain unauthorized access to a network, these security protocols must be broken. Many tools can crack WiFi encryption. These tools can exploit WEP weaknesses or perform brute force attacks to guess passwords on WPA/WPA2/WPA3.
There are two types of wireless hacking tools. One can use it to spy on the network and monitor what is happening on the network. The second type of tool is used to hack WEP/WPA keys. These are the most popular tools for cracking Wi-Fi passwords and solving network problems.
1. Air cracks
Aircrack-ng is one of the most popular WiFi password cracking tools that you can use to crack 802.11a/b/g WEP and WPA. Aircrack-ng uses the best algorithms to recover WiFi passwords by capturing packets. Once it has collected enough packets, it tries to recover the password. To speed up the attack, a standard FMS attack is implemented with some tweaks.
The company behind the tool also provides an online tutorial to teach you how to install and use this tool to crack Wi-Fi passwords. It is available as a Linux distribution, Live CD and VMware image. You can use them all. It supports most WiFi adapters and is almost guaranteed to work. If you're using a Linux distro, the only downside to the tool is that it requires deeper Linux knowledge. If you are not familiar with Linux, you will find it difficult to use this tool. In this case, try a Live CD or a VMWare image. VMWare Image requires less knowledge, but only works with a limited number of host operating systems and only USB devices are supported.
Before using this as well, make sure the wireless card can inject packets. Then start WEP cracking. Read the online tutorial on the website to learn more about the tool. If you follow the steps correctly, you should be able to crack a WEP secured Wi-Fi network.
Download Aircrack fra:http://www.aircrack-ng.org/
Wifite is a Python script intended to simplify wireless security monitoring. It runs existing wireless hacking tools for you so you don't have to remember and use the different tools with their different capabilities correctly.
Wifite2 is a complete rewrite of the original Wifite tool. It is designed to work with the Kali Linux and ParrotSec Linux distributions. Before running Wifite, it is recommended to install the optional tools as they are essential to perform some of the supported attacks.
3. Das Kismet
Kismet is a wireless network sniffer that works for Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, Software-Defined Radio (SDR), and other wireless protocols. It passively collects packets sent around it and analyzes them to detect even hidden Wi-Fi networks.
Kismet is supported and actively supported on all operating systems (with WSL on Windows). In the latest version of 2020, the system architecture has been significantly revised to improve performance and add new features.
Wifiphisher is a tool designed for performanceMan-in-the-Middle Attackusing the Wi-Fi connection. By convincing wireless users to connect to the fake access point, Wifiphisher allows an attacker to intercept, monitor or modify their wireless traffic.
Wifiphisher also enables an attacker to conduct web phishing attacks. These can be used to collect user information for third-party websites or Wi-Fi network credentials. Additionally, Wifiphisher is modular, allowing advanced users to write custom code to extend its capabilities.
inSSIDer is a popular WiFi scanner for Microsoft Windows and OS X operating systems. The InSSIDer WiFi scanner can perform various tasks, including finding open WiFi access points, tracking signal strength, and saving logs of GPS recordings.
inSSIDer works on a freemium model. The basic features are available for free, but some features require a paid membership.
Wireshark is the network protocol analyzer. This allows you to monitor what is happening on your network. You can capture packets live and view them at a high level or see the values of specific fields in a packet. It runs on Windows, Linux, OS X, Solaris, FreeBSD and others.
Wireshark is designed to be easy to use, but has a lot of functionality under the hood. This is especially useful if you have a deep understanding of network protocols and can effectively interpret the traffic you see.
CoWPAtty is an automated dictionary attack tool for WPA-PSK. It runs on the Linux operating system. This program has a command line interface and runs on a dictionary containing the password to be used for the attack.
Using the tool is simple but slow. That's because the hash uses PBKDF2 with 4096 iterations to generate a possible passphrase based on a network's SSID and password. Because each calculation of PBKDF takes time, a brute force attack to guess passwords is very slow.
However, CoWPAtty has a rainbow table that should solve this problem. Since many routers share SSIDs, precomputed tables are created for these SSIDs and shared passwords. If the target network is one of these networks, it is much faster to test with the precomputed dictionary.
AirJack is a Wi-Fi 802.11 packet injection tool. This Wi-Fi cracking tool is very useful for injecting fake packets and crippling a network through denial of service attack. This tool can also be used for a man-in-the-middle attack on the network.
Airgeddon is designed as an all-in-one wireless network security analysis tool. To achieve this, it integrates several existing tools and provides a single command-line interface for all of them. This helps reduce the complexity of performing Wi-Fi security audits, as Airgeddon's CLI guides you through the process and handles interactions with all underlying tools.
OmniPeek is another great tool for packet snooping and network analysis. This tool is commercial and supports Windows operating systems only.
OmniPeek is included in this list despite being a commercial tool due to its extensive feature set. Intended as an all-in-one solution for Wi-Fi network management, this tool includes packet capture, protocol decoding, network diagnostics and troubleshooting, and even playback and analysis of voice and video traffic for diagnostic purposes.
11. CommView til Wi-Fi
CommView for WiFi is another popular wireless monitoring and packet analysis tool. It has an easy-to-understand user interface. It works well with 802.11 a/b/g/n/ac networks. It captures each packet and displays useful information as a list. You get useful information such as access points, stations, signal strength, network connections and protocol distribution.
Captured packets can be decrypted using custom WEP or WPA keys.
This tool is basically intended for Wi-Fi network administrators, security professionals, home users who want to monitor their Wi-Fi traffic, and programmers working on wireless networking software.
CloudCracker is an online password cracking tool to crack WPA secured WiFi networks. Various password hashes can also be cracked with this tool. Just upload the handshake file, enter the network name and launch the tool. This tool has a huge dictionary of about 300 million words to perform attacks.
Try cloud crackers:https://crack.sh/
13. Kali Linux NetHunter
The tools discussed so far have focused on wireless hacking from the desktop. However, the growth of mobile devices has also led to the development of various hacking tools for smartphones and similar devices.
Kali Linux NetHunter is an example of such an app. It is a completely open source Android penetration platform designed to run on Nexus phones. In addition to Wi-Fi-oriented tools, NetHunter also includes a complete Kali Linux toolkit.
Kali NetHunter download:https://www.kali.org/kali-linux-nethunter/
Choosing the right WiFi security testing tool
Attempting to gain unauthorized access to wireless networks is illegal in most jurisdictions. To practice using these tools, you must use a wireless network that you own or a network to which you have network owner rights.
Wireless monitoring and troubleshooting tools are mainly for network administrators and programmers who work with Wi-Fi-based software. These tools help when some of your systems have problems connecting to the network. They are also valuable to red teamers and penetration testers looking for potential vulnerabilities to exploit.
Wireshark is one of the best network protocal analyzer tools available, if not the best. With Wireshark you can analyse a network to the greatest detail to see what's happening. Wireshark can be used for live packet capturing, deep inspection of hundreds of protocols, browse and filter packets and is multiplatform.What is the best Wi-Fi handshake capture tool? ›
Wireshark is one of the best network protocal analyzer tools available, if not the best. With Wireshark you can analyse a network to the greatest detail to see what's happening. Wireshark can be used for live packet capturing, deep inspection of hundreds of protocols, browse and filter packets and is multiplatform.What is the password of this Wi-Fi? ›
In Network and Sharing Center, next to Connections, select your Wi-Fi network name. In Wi-Fi Status, select Wireless Properties. In Wireless Network Properties, select the Security tab, then select the Show characters check box. Your Wi-Fi network password is displayed in the Network security key box.What is the use of Wi-Fi nugget? ›
It's better to think of the Nugget as a fun little buddy that fits on a bag or keychain. It's really just a tool for learning how to spoof Wi-Fi access points, learn about deauth attacks, and explore the possibilities of what simple microcontrollers can do.Can WPA2 PSK be hacked? ›
If you have a weak WPA or WPA2-PSK, odds are good that people will be able to crack it almost as quickly as I've done right here. The right answer is simple. Use long, complex private shared keys when you're dealing with WPA and WPA2.What is the strongest Wi-Fi authentication? ›
When choosing from among WEP, WPA, WPA2 and WPA3 wireless security protocols, experts agree WPA3 is best for Wi-Fi security. As the most up-to-date wireless encryption protocol, WPA3 is the most secure choice.What is Wi-Fi handshake file? ›
The four-way handshake is a message exchange between an access point and the client device. The devices exchange 4 messages that generate the encryption keys. Here's a basic glossary before you read further: PTK (Pairwise Transient Key) – a key that encrypts traffic between the access point and client device.How do I decode a QR code on my Wi-Fi? ›
- On the Android phone that successfully connected to the WiFi, display the QR code of the password. ...
- With a second Android, open an app that reads QR codes. ...
- The app prompts you to point the phone camera at the QR code.
To view the WiFi password on a phone running Android 10 or above, you need to go to Settings. Search for Network & internet and tap WiFi. You will see your current WiFi network at the top of the list. Select the once needed to view the options for the network.Can I see Wi-Fi password on my phone? ›
Reveal Wi-Fi passwords with Face ID or Touch ID in Settings
In the Settings app, tap Wi-Fi. Find the Wi-Fi network that you want to see the password for, then tap the Info button. Tap on the hidden password. Use Face ID or Touch ID to unlock and reveal the password.
Panda Wifi makes wifi easy.
With this easy to install Wireless-AC/N adapter that is plug and play for Windows and Linux, you'll have a breeze getting your Panda wifi adapter working on your computer/device!
Pebble Air is a universal solution for controlling your heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) units from you smartphone. Consisting of a Plug and Play Pebble Air Wi-fi controller, which sends IR signals, and the app for IOS and Android, you are now able to control your HVAC from anywhere.What do Wi-Fi chips do? ›
If you are using WiFi, the WiFi chip embedded in your device converts these 1s and 0s into wave frequencies. Your device's WiFi router then receives these wave frequencies. After that, the router converts the frequencies back to binary code.How long does it take to hack WPA2? ›
You'll need that command-line comfort again to work with it. After four to 10 hours of brute-force attacks, Reaver should be able to reveal a password—but it's going to work only if the router you're going after has both a strong signal and WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup) turned on.
What are the vulnerabilities of the WPA3? Researchers have detailed two types of design flaws in WPA3, the first one leads to downgrade attacks while the second one to side-channel leaks. Since the WPA3 protocol is fairly new, it will take time to update billions of devices to WPA3.What are the strongest Wi-Fi security algorithms? ›
WPA2 uses the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) which is also used by the U.S. government to protect classified documents. This is the strongest level of security you can provide for your home wifi network.Which is the strongest password form for Wi-Fi devices? ›
A Short Phrase with Numbers, Special Characters
Take “Winter is Coming" for instance: Simply placing it in parentheses, separating the words with exclamation points, replacing the vowels with numbers and putting the second word in CAPS gives you a very strong, yet still memorable wifi password: (w1nt5r!
EAPs are the most secure because they allow a given access point and remote device to communicate together to perform simultaneous authentication with built-in encryption. EAP methods protect a specific portal so that users with a password or authentication key are the only ones that can access a network.What is the 4-way handshake? ›
A four-way handshake is a type of network authentication protocol that allows an authenticator and a wireless client to establish an encrypted connection without having to reveal the pass key (called the Pairwise Master Key or PMK) to each other.What is four-way handshake in WiFi? ›
What is Four-Way handshake? Between Access point (Authenticator) and WiFi client (Supplicant) four EAPOL-Key messages are exchanged to generate/derive encrypted keys used to encrypt and decrypt 802.11 data frames.
GTK – Group Temporal Key. ACK – ACKnowledgement. MIC – Message Integrity Code. PTK – Pairwise Transient Key.What is the app that decodes QR codes? ›
The quickest and most powerful QR code Reader, ever! Quick Scan helps you scan and decode all the QR codes around you, including contact, detail, plain text, website URL, telephone number, SMS message, email address, email message, calendar event, locations and more.What is ZXing decoder online? ›
The ZXing Decoder Online is a web-based tool that enables users to scan and decode barcode and QR code images.What app can detect WIFI password? ›
Wifi password show is the best app that can recover and show all the passwords of Wifi network connections which you have connected previously. This is very useful for Wifi password recovery of WPA WPA2 psk wep and other Wifi network on rooted devices. Wifi password show app useful in restoring the wifi passwords.Which app can tell WIFI password? ›
1) WiFi Passwords Map Instabridge
Step 1) Download the Instabridge app from Google Play Store. Step 2) Open the app on your Android device and sign up. Step 3) Once you log in to the app. You see the map showing accessible Wi Fi networks in your area.
Osmino Wi-Fi is in several cities around the world and is one of the best apps to find out WiFi passwords. It is also possible to register network passwords and share them with users of the app. It works like a database, which makes it possible to store countless passwords from different access points.How do I find my 192.168 1.1 password? ›
1. Make certain that the router is powered on before it restarts completely. 2. The default IP address is 192.168.1.1, and the default login username and password both are admin (all lower case).What is the WPA2 password? ›
A WPA2 password is the second generation protocol for Wi-Fi Protected Access. When you set up your home network system, you will create a Wi-Fi password in your router settings using this protocol. You will not have to meet specific requirements for a WPA2 password.Can I see WIFI password on Android phone? ›
To see Wi-Fi passwords on an Android device, navigate to the Settings, go to the Wi-Fi section, and select the connected network. From here you can see a QR code and the Wi-Fi password.What is Tiger Wi-Fi? ›
TigerWiFi. TigerWiFi, Mizzou's wireless network, is available in most campus buildings. The network is intended for academic purposes; therefore, it intentionally uses more stringent security standards than home WiFi to protect your personal and academic information.
Z-Wave is a wireless communication protocol used primarily in smart home networks, allowing smart devices to connect and exchange control commands and data with each other.What is Wi-Fi bee? ›
Wifi Bee is a xBee Pro socket compatible standalone MCU node useful for Wireless Sensor Network.How does an o2 dongle work? ›
Our dongles plug straight into your laptop to get you online when you don't have a wifi connection. They're perfectly sized to put in your pocket, or your laptop bag, making it easy to browse the internet and send emails when you're on the move.How do WIFI streams work? ›
The stream is what actually carries the WiFi data which allows communication between your device and the router. The top theoretical speed of the router is determined by the speed of the stream, multiplied by number of streams the router has.What is a pocket hotspot? ›
A Pocket Hotspot is a portable gadget that connects you and up to ten other people (or devices) to the internet. There's no software to install, and you won't have to plug the Pocket Hotspot into your laptop, mobile or tablet. This makes it great for devices that don't have a USB port.What can you do with a Wi-Fi module? ›
Wifi modules or wifi microcontrollers are used to send and recieve data over Wi-Fi. They can also accept commands over the Wi-Fi. Wi-Fi modules are used for communications bewtween devices. They are most commonly used in the field of Internet of Thnigs.What is ESP8266 Wi-Fi chip? ›
The ESP8266 WiFi Module is a self contained SOC with integrated TCP/IP protocol stack that can give any microcontroller access to your WiFi network. The ESP8266 is capable of either hosting an application or offloading all Wi-Fi networking functions from another application processor.What is WiFi card class 12? ›
What is Wi-Fi card? Answer: Wi-Fi cards are small and portable cards that allow the computer to connect to the internet through a wireless network. In these cards, transmission is done through radio waves.Which tool can you use in order to capture Wi-Fi 4-way handshakes? ›
In the example below the deauthentication count is set to 2 and the “-a” or access point is set to the BSSID of the AP. After a user has been successfully deauthenticated from the network, airdump-ng is used to capture the packets that have the 4-way handshake.How long does it take to capture WPA handshake? ›
Usually it takes only few seconds. however, if you're using the card on a virtual machine you might face problems.
What is 4-way Handshake: The 4-way handshake is the process of exchanging 4 messages between an access point (authenticator) and the client device (supplicant) to generate some encryption keys which can be used to encrypt actual data sent over Wireless medium.How to capture all Wi-Fi traffic with wireshark? ›
- Use the Wireless Toolbar to configure the desired channel and channel width.
- Under Capture, click on AirPcap USB wireless capture adapter to select the capture interface. ...
- Click the Start Capture button to begin the capture.
- When you are finished capturing, click the Stop button.
Airdecap-NG tries to decrypt every encrypted packet in the packet trace with the user provided key and stores these decrypted packets in another file in pcap file format. </What is TCP 3 way handshake is used for? ›
TCP's three-way handshake has two important functions. It makes sure that both sides know that they are ready to transfer data and it also allows both sides to agree on the initial sequence numbers, which are sent and acknowledged (so there is no mistake about them) during the handshake.What is capture handshake? ›
We can capture the handshake in two ways. First, we can just sit down and wait for a device to connect to the network. Once a device is connected then we can capture the handshake. Second, we can use deauthentication attack which we learned in the previous section, in Pre-connection attacks section.What is the longest WPA password? ›
WPA2 passwords can be up to 63 characters long.What is WIFITE? ›
Wifite is a tool to audit WEP or WPA encrypted wireless networks. It uses aircrack-ng, pyrit, reaver, tshark tools to perform the audit.What is WiFi client bridge mode? ›
A wireless client bridge connects two wired networks together over Wi-Fi. Wi-Fi can apply to products that use any 802.11 standard.. The wireless bridge acts as a client, logging in to the primary router and getting an Internet connection, which it passes on to the devices connected to its LAN.What is WPA3 handshake? ›
This is used to create a secure handshake, where a network device connects to a wireless access point and both devices communicate to verify authentication and connection. Even if a user's password is weak, WPA3 provides a more secure handshake than WPA2. Individualized data encryption.What is IP address handshake? ›
TCP/IP ensures that all the data you send reaches its recipient. It does this by providing the client and server with a secure connection before sending data. This secure connection is established through a process known as a three-way handshake, also known as a TCP/IP handshake.
To turn on promiscuous mode, click on the CAPTURE OPTIONS dialog box and select it from the options. If everything goes according to plan, you'll now see all the network traffic in your network. However, many network interfaces aren't receptive to promiscuous mode, so don't be alarmed if it doesn't work for you.What is the difference between promiscuous mode and monitor mode? ›
Unlike promiscuous mode, which is also used for packet sniffing, monitor mode allows packets to be captured without having to associate with an access point or ad hoc network first. Monitor mode only applies to wireless networks, while promiscuous mode can be used on both wired and wireless networks.